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tv   Journal  PBS  May 8, 2015 6:00pm-6:31pm PDT

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>> live from the dw studios here in berlin, this is your world news. >> great to have you along. our top stories for you at this hour -- germany commemorates the 70th anniversary of the end of the second world war, the day nazi germany surrendered unconditionally. >> at a clear mandate -- david cameron defies opinion polls and wins the british election while heads roll across the political divide. we'll get reaction from our correspondent in london. much of the world is focused here in new york right now.
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democracy at work defining this friday partly but also the disaster of war, and with that, we begin. >> it was 70 years ago today when the second world war ended here in europe. on may 8, 1945 officers of the german army signed the unconditional surrender of the nazi regime in berlin. >> we were not to berlin to see the commemoration of the liberation of the city. >> in the process we found out about the huge human price paid by the liberators of germany. >> it was a day of solemn remembrance. at berlin's striking soviet war memorial, the public paid their respects to the 6 million red army soldiers slaughtered in the war. a ukrainian delegation visit -- visited the cold war landmark to commemorate the 70 years since nazi germany's surrender. >> it's not something to be
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celebrated. you can reflect on it through prayer or silence or through quiet discussions. >> it's a monumental place where+ people are commemorating the 70th anniversary of the end of world war ii. germans and citizens of former soviet countries want to set an example here together to make sure that lessons of the past will not be forgotten. >> a reminder of the past, too at the brandenburg gate. images might appear strange to young germans, but others still remember that somber site. he was six years old when the nazi capital fell. she will never forget the momentous day. >> all you can do is keep commemorating these important dates. we need to state this is what it was like and it must never happen again. millions of people died because of power madness.
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>> if we are to remember today is a day of liberation, we must recognize the soldiers who enabled it to happen and paid a heavy toll in the process. >> their sacrifices chiseled into the stone of the soviet memorial, and internal reminder of the cost. >> in germany, victory in europe a is not a holiday, but lawmakers commemorate the day nazi germany was defeated during a joint session in parliament. >> members of the parliament the bundestag, reflected on this they 70 years ago which marked a turning point in the history of th country. >> play during a ceremony in the german parliament, it's the melody for the national anthem chosen by democratic post-war germany. on the anniversary of not to
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germany's surrender the president paid tribute to the allied powers for their role in liberating germany. >> may 8 marked both an end in the beginning. it had a liberating effect because the end of the war made a new start possible. it created new opportunities to shape the future so that it would be different and better. >> a leading german historian crimes must never be forgotten. he says germany must continue to deal with its past. >> there's absolutely no moral justification for not keeping the memory of these kinds of crimes alive in germany. we dare not forget the moral obligations that arise as a result. >> the german president commemorated the war with russian war veterans other military cemetery.
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many people lost their lives, even during the final days of war. >> i honor their suffering and the sufferings of all those people who fought against hitler . i'm grateful for the efforts of those who paid with their lives and managed to liberate germany. >> both victims and liberators were remembered on this day. 70 years after the end of the war. >> our political correspondent terry martin is at the soviet memorial in central berlin. i'm going to cross over to him right now. it's wonderful to see you. what does this anniversary mean for germans today, seven decades after the war? >> coming to terms with the end of the second world war is a difficult process for germans in so far as it means confronting the war itself.
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it's a process that will never really be over, i suppose. nazi germany's to feed the end of the war is regarded as liberation. a fresh opinion poll shows that about 3/4 of germans see it that way, but when germans reflect back on the second world war they invariably remember the tremendous suffering that germany inflicted on so much of the world, and they remember the suffering within germany is health that germany brought upon itself through its aggression, so it's a very somber occasion. it's an occasion to remember the war and to ensure that germany takes the right steps and has been taking the right steps to make sure nothing like this happens again. >> contemporary germany is, of course, a very different country than that of seven decades ago. what relevance does this anniversary have for young people today? >> young people clearly have a
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different perspective on it than older people. the end of the war is still very much a living memory in germany but for young people, it's still also has an emotional impact. young germans see that there is still a need to come to terms with what happened in the second world war. as i said before, to assure that nothing like this happens again opinion polls show that young germans do not want to try to forget this the second world war. it needs to be remembered. >> thank you very much for sharing your insights with us. >> international commemorations to mark the anniversary were held in poland where the second world war started. united nations secretary-general ban ki-moon joined european leaders at a ceremony in gdansk. >> remembrance ceremonies have also been held in other countries to mark the end of the second world war.
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>> a moment of reflection in paris. the french president lays a wreath at the tomb of the unknown soldier. veterans honor their fallen comrades. in the rest of the city, the mood is more of the. military parades and music commemorate the french resistance against german occupation. may 8 is a day of celebration here. -- and the rest of the city, the mood is more of heat -- more upbeat. the tone is very different in poland. a ceremony took face at the site where the first shots were fired on september 1, 1935 -- the ceremony took place. for poland, the joy of liberation was short lived. >> 70 years ago there were celebrations throughout europe to mark the end of the war, but not all europeans could elevate. the end of the war did not begin an era of freedom for all europeans.
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>> the influence of the soviet union in eastern europe did not end until 1990. now the conflict in ukraine has made many polls wary of russia again. >> you can find out a lot more about the end of the second world war on our website with interviews, testimonies from survivors, and documentaries. all you have to do is go to d w.de/ww2. see you right there. now to the other story here dominating the headlines -- that dramatic outcome of the british general election. >> after polls predicted a dead heat between conservatives and the labour party, prime minister david cameron pulled off a stunning and decisive victory. cameron what a clear mandate --
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cameron's tories won a clear mandate. >> leaving all political contenders in political freefall. >> no one expected this kind of victory -- perhaps not even david cameron himself. for the first time in 18 years his conservative party will have a majority government without the need for a coalition partner . it's a result that could have major implications for britain's relations with europe. cameron has promised a referendum on if britain should stay in the european union. >> we will deliver that inner referendum on our future in europe. as we conduct this vital work, we must ensure that we bring our country together. as i said in the small hours of this morning we will govern as a party of one nation, one united kingdom. >> with that commitment to one nation, cameron is squaring up against scottish nationalists, the other big winners in this election.
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the s&p took nearly all the seats in scotland. there's already talk about their pushing for another referendum on independence. >> clearly there's an opportunity for change in scotland and a strong desire or the voice to be heard much more loudly. >> the victory came at the expense of the labour party which also lost out in the rest of the u.k.. party leader ed miliband has now resigned. >> britain needs a labour party that can be built after this defeat so we can have a government that stands up for working people again. now it's time for someone else to take the leadership of this party. >> two other leaders have also quit -- nick cragg of the liberal democrats who was deputy prime minister in the previous coalition government. then, nigel for roger of the eurosceptic party you can -- ukip. it attracted 13% of the vote but only 11 seat -- only won one
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seat. >> let's talk about some bad math if you will. let's pull in our correspondent from london -- what about those horribly incorrect exit polls for yesterday? if you ask me, maybe the pollsters' heads should roll along with some of those political party leaders. >> let me come in here and help those poor fellows. if you look at the system, you have to say it is a really tough system to predict. in the percentage breakdown it's just a really poor indicator. second one has to say that if you look at scotland, for instance, the pollsters just got it bang on. finally, there were a lot of undecided voters, and that is just a nightmare for pollsters. >> yes they got it wrong everywhere. unbelievable.
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let's talk about the huge win for david cameron. all smiles today, of course, for him. winning is one thing, but governing is another, isn't it? >> absolutely. let me give you two challenges. one is the economic recovery. nobody can say for sure that it will continue. if it does not continue, this puts david cameron in a difficult position. scondly, he is now leading a one-party government, and the conservative party is deeply divided. he will have to be a real lion tamer in order to keep his troops together and not be eaten in the process. >> yes those back roads -- that's where the danger is in his own party right now. of course, the amazing win in scotland for the s&p. some people even say this vote was a scottish referendum 2.0. >> a simple answer was provided but she did not rule out a
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referendum so this will definitely come back to haunt the scottish national party. >> what do you think the people here on the continent of europe the political leaders -- what are they doing right now? are they laying out their hair? they are certainly not throwing any parties. -- are they pulling out their hair? what does this mean for the european union? >> i think we will see negotiations coming up, but seeing that david cameron has pocketed this amazing success one has to say he is in a good position now to argue pro-europe. >> we will see what happens. that referendum has to come. that's what he promised. excellent analysis these last couple of days. thank you very much. all right, we're going to take a break. >> when we come back, we'll also have some of the ramifications that this win for david cameron will have with a stock markets so don't go away.
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>> good to have you with us again. british prime minister david cameron's resounding victory allowed investors to collectively breathe a sigh of relief, sending british stocks and the national currency soaring to new heights. >> with kevin returning as the prime minister of a majority conservative parliament, traders look forward to more of the same. >> it won't be business as usual for the european union. the u.k. has put brussels on notice that it wants to renegotiate its relation with the block. >> london's sharemarket gave election results and enthusiastic welcome. the ft 100 index jumped 1.5% right at the opening. investors have benefited under the conservative-led government. since january, stock prices for the country's biggest companies have risen by about 8%, and
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there's been movement on the labor market. the 1.8 million jobs created during david cameron's tenure have brought unemployment down. at less than 6%, it's at its lowest since the 2008 financial crisis. >> this election campaign was always about the difficult decisions we had to take over the last five years, the foundation of a stronger economy that we built for our country and the chance now to build on that foundation. >> brussels is concerned about the tories' promise about the referendum on eu membership, but a spokesman for the european commission president said he was prepared to work with cameron's government and consider its proposed reforms. >> he wants a fair deal with britain and the commission will examine in a very polite, friendly, and objective way any proposals, ideas, or requests
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that the u.k. may put forward. >> but some in germany are voicing their concern more strongly. the association of german chambers of commerce and industry says that it believes the eu, the block will lose its biggest quarter -- if britain leaves the eu, the block will lose its biggest supporter. >> let's look at how the results went down with traders. >> investors appreciated the u.k. election result. the ftse rallied strongly on the news, and the british pound appreciated against the dollar and the euro. investors pretty much appreciated the fact that they have certainty now about the political situation in great britain. there was a lot of optimism today because of good economic data coming from the u.s. labor market, and this has sent stock prices higher towards the end of the week.
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>> now to some other news -- to burundi where tensions are rising as violent demonstrations continue into the night. for almost two weeks protesters have been taking to the streets in the capital to protest the president's bid for a third term in office in elections next month. opponents say that bid violate the constitution. there are here's the violence could spiral -- fears the violence could spiral into a civil war. >> one warmer writer has laid down his arms -- one warmer fighter -- one former fighter has laid down his arms, giving hope that the conflict can be resolved peacefully. >> eric is a respected man in his village. these days, he runs a chicken farm but it was not long ago that he had a very different
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job. until a few years back, his mostpimportant work tool was a kalashnikov. he fought in a rebel group against the government. the chicken farm is part of a reconciliation project to help former fighters return to civilian life. >> coming back to life after the war was very difficult. at first i was a prisoner. then when i came home, my village had big problems. him of my relatives had fought on the other side. they threatened me and i had to run away again. the family council had to meet and decide that i could come back. >> eric is proud of his work here. he worries about what would happen if another civil war broke out in burundi. >> there's been more mistrust
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during the last few years. somebody was murdered here sometime ago. they blamed the former fighters straight away. >> he lives a few kilometers away. he fought on the side of the government. now he, too, has managed to return to a peaceful life. he used his severance pay to buy a small piece of land in the village. the mobilizing combatants was part of the peace treaty. so was reconciliation between hutus and tutsis. >> the people have been united for a long time. we understand that we must live together. it's the politicians who want to divide us. the people who are fighting for power want to manipulate us. >> today, the country is divided between those who support the
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president and those who oppose himin this food village, eric meets his former comrade -- in this hutu village. eric checks the weight of his purchase. his friend has given him a generous portion. >> of course we stay in touch. we have remained good friends. >> both remember the war well. they know their new lives are at risk if the violence gets out of control. >> the pakistani television has claimed responsibility for a helicopter crash that killed six people, including the ambassadors from norway and the philippines. >> the aircraft was en route to a city when it crashed. the helicopter was part of a convoy to inspect projects with the prime minister.
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he was apparently the real target of the attack. the pakistani government says engine failure caused the crash. news agency says weapons inspectors have found further evidence of chemical weapons in syria. they apparently discovered traces of sarah and -- sarin and the nerve agent. if true, the syrian government lied when it agreed to eliminate all chemical weapons to use ago. >> a new chemical attack in the northwestern province has also been reported. they say barrel bombs injured nearly 80 people in three different villages. a german frigate has rescued around 200 mikan's -- migrants from a boat approaching the island of lampedusa.
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the italian navy, meanwhile, has located the wreck of the ship that sank in april, killing about 800 people attempting the hazardous crossing from africa. authorities say many bodies remain trapped in the hole. the eu stepped up its maritime operations in the area in the wake of the tragedy. >> government ministers have also met in berlin to discuss germany's response to the increasing flow of refugees to the country. >> members of angela merkel's government joined her to consider how the process asylum applications faster in the future. the government also helped with the financial cost of housing asylum seekers. the number of refugees coming to germany has doubled in the past year. >> while european governments are being criticized for their slow reaction to the growing refugee crisis, some ordinary citizens are tackling the problem with unconventional methods, opening up their private homes to refugees. >> that's right.
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jonas believes in making refugees feel at home. he is part of a group in germany that is opening up their homes to those who fled in search of a better life. >> he only recently moved to the shared flat in berlin. when he arrived, he did not even have a mattress to sleep on. sometimes he slept on the subway or rode the bus all night. now he is living with jonas. >> it was not easy for him to find a place to stay, so this was the only option for him if he did not want to keep moving from place to place from one emergency shelter to the other. >> they both wanted to help refugees. the interest soon developed into a friendship and a shared flat arrangement. the three roommates spend a lot of time together and they are
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helping to learn german. >> the beginning was very difficult because i don't speak the language, and i don't know many people here. people are always busy. they care for me like a brother, like people who have known me from many years ago. >> most people in germany have a hard time finding of the people in finding an apartment. the problem stood them to start an association called refugees welcome, a flat-sharing website. >> we realized it's much easier to take in a refugee than we originally thought, and probably other people think the same way, so we decided to spread the message and encourage others to try it.
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>> more than 500 landlords and people with flats to share have already been in touch. at least 30 refugees have already found some accommodation. >> great initiative. >> that is a great story. that's going to wrap up this edition of the "journal." >> from all of us here in berlin thanks for watching. >> we will see you next time. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org]
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>> patricia: hello and welcome. i'm patricia o'reilly and i'm delighted you could join us for another edition of "out of ireland," your weekly half hour

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